Pentecost is a Christian feast that celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and the nascent Church. This event, narrated in the book of the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 2:1-13), marks a pivotal moment in the history of Christianity and emphasises the missionary value that comes with it. In this article, we will explore the significance of Pentecost and its role in encouraging Christians to spread the Gospel throughout the world.

The biblical context of Pentecost

Pentecost, which derives from the Greek word “pentekostos” (fiftieth), is celebrated fifty days after Easter. The biblical event sees the Apostles gathered in the Upper Room in Jerusalem, awaiting the Holy Spirit promised by Jesus before his Ascension (Acts 1:4-5). When the Holy Spirit descends upon them in the form of tongues of fire, the Apostles receive the gift of tongues and begin to preach the Gospel to the different peoples present in the city.

The missionary value of Pentecost

Pentecost underlines the importance of the evangelising mission in Christianity, as it represents the moment when the Apostles, empowered by the Holy Spirit, begin to spread Jesus Christ’s message of salvation. This event sanctions the birth of the Church and its task of proclaiming the Good News to all nations. The descent of the Holy Spirit symbolises the unity and diversity of the Church, which is called to bring the Gospel to all cultures and peoples, regardless of race, language or nation.

Pentecost and Church Life

Pentecost is a permanent invitation to the Church and to every Christian to renew their commitment to the evangelising mission. The Holy Spirit gives his charisms, or spiritual gifts, to each believer to build up the community and carry out the mission of evangelisation. Pentecost reminds us that every Christian, thanks to the presence of the Holy Spirit, has the power and responsibility to be a witness to the faith and to contribute to the spread of the Gospel.

Pentecost and Ecumenism

The Pentecost event also has an ecumenical value, as it emphasises the fundamental unity of the Church and its task of overcoming divisions between different Christian denominations. The descent of the Holy Spirit, uniting the Apostles and the first Christians, is an invitation to seek communion and collaboration between all the Churches, with a view to a common witness to the message of Jesus Christ.


Pentecost is a crucial event in the life of the Church, emphasising the importance of the evangelising mission and the role of the Holy Spirit in inspiring and guiding Christians in this task. As recorded in the Bible, “But you will receive the power of the Holy Spirit, who will come upon you, and you will be witnesses to me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth” (Acts 1:8). This passage highlights the universal scope of the Christian mission and the need to rely on the guidance of the Holy Spirit.

Pope Francis, in his pontificate, has often emphasised the importance of the evangelising mission and the role of the Holy Spirit in animating the life of the Church. In one of his homilies on Pentecost, the Holy Father said, “The Holy Spirit makes us see the horizon and pushes us to the existential peripheries to proclaim the life of Jesus Christ. Let us ask ourselves whether we have a tendency to close in on ourselves, in our group, or whether we allow the Holy Spirit to open us up to mission.” (Homily on the Solemnity of Pentecost, Sunday 19 May 2013)

In summary, Pentecost represents a fundamental moment in the history of Christianity and underlines the missionary value of the event. Every Christian is called to actively participate in spreading the Gospel, guided and sustained by the Holy Spirit, to contribute to the building of the Church and the realisation of the Kingdom of God on earth.